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Scholarly Journal of Education Vol. 8(1), pp. 17-21, April, 2021
Available online at http:// www.scholarly-journals.com/SJE
ISSN 2315-6155 © 2021 Scholarly-Journals

The Effect of Ball and Stick Model on Students’ Academic Achievement in Chemistry in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area in Rivers State, Nigeria.

Abbey-Kalio, Ibiyengibo

Ignatius Ajuru University of education, Port Harcourt, rivers state, Nigeria. Department of chemistry. Email: ibkalio@yahoo.com .

Received: 5 April, 2021, Accepted: 20 April, 2021, Published: 30 April, 2021:


The study investigated the effectiveness of ball and stick model in the teaching of Chemistry in Senior Secondary Schools in Obio/Akpor local government area in Rivers State. A sample size of 115 (experimental group 64 and control group 51) out of a population of 3025 was used for the study. The quasi – experimental design specifically, pretest post posttest non-randomized with students in intact classes was used. Two research questions were answered while two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance in the study. The instrument for data collection was Chemistry achievement test (CAT) on organic Chemistry aspect of Senior Secondary School syllabus. The research questions were answered using means and standard deviations while the hypotheses were tested using ANCOVA. It was found out that the use of ball and stick models instructional materials in teaching of Chemistry significantly enhanced the academic achievement of students in Chemistry but there was no significant difference found in the achievement based on gender. Hence, it was recommended among others that Chemistry teachers should be creative and innovative in the providing and utilization of instructional materials for the teaching and learning of Chemistry.


Key words: Ball-and-stick, organic Chemistry, Carbon, structure, instructional materials, models.


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