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Scholarly Journal of Biological Science Vol. 6(3), pp. 84-88, December 2017
Available online http:// www.scholarly-journals
ISSN 2315-6147 © 2017 Scholarly-Journals


A clinical survey on the Ixodid Ticks and dipteric flies of Sokoto Gudali Cattle in Nigeria

Mohammed, A.A.
*1, Alayande, M.O.2, Bello, A.3, Lawal, M.D.4 and Mahmuda, A.5


1,2,4,5Department of Veterinary Parasitology and Entomology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria
3Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria


Abstract :

 

Dipteric flies and ixodid tick samples were collected twice weekly for eight weeks between August to October, 2012. A total of 136 different dipteric flies and 84 Ixodid tick samples were collected from different cattle herds within the study area. These samples were duly preserved and subsequently identified. Results revealed that the nuisance fly, Musca domestica was present in all farm types as well as the abattoir and cattle market. The biting/blood-sucking flies, Haematobia irritans, Stomoxys calcitrans and Tabanus spp. were found in semi-intensive farms while Culicoides spp. was found in an intensively managed farm. The myiasis fly, Lucilia spp. was found in the abattoir and cattle market while Oestrus ovis was found in a semi-intensive farm. The cattle in semi-intensive farms, abattoir and cattle market were mostly infested with one-, two- and three-host ticks whereas no tick was found in intensively managed farms. Infestation by ticks and flies have been shown to impair cattle productivity, increase cost of production and cause the farmer to incur huge economic losses in the course of production. It is therefore, pertinent to control ectoparasitic infestation of cattle within the study area.

 

Key words: Dipteric flies, Ixodid tick, Musca domestica, Haematobia irritans, Stomoxys calcitrans, Tabanus spp.

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