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Scholarly Journal of Business Administration, Vol. 8(2) pp.38-44 September, 2019
Available online http
:// www.scholarly-journals.com/SJBA
ISSN 2276-7126 © 2019 Scholarly-Journals


Women and Socio-Economic development in rural communities in Ebonyi State, Nigeria: An Assessment

Elem, Emmanuel Obona Ph.D and Professor Eugene, N. Nweke

Department of Political Science Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities Ebonyi State University, P.M.B.053, Abakaliki

Abstract :

It is the economy of a nation that determines the lives of the people within such country, as it serves as measure of the quality of life and the living standard of the people. This is only made possible by the contribution of the citizens both male and female. This paper examines the role of women in socio-economic development in Nigeria. The specific objectives include, to find out if rural women are engaged in farming and trading and to determine if these activities contribute to socio-economic development of Ebonyi State. In order to accomplish these objectives, the study adopted quantitative research method and applied cross sectional survey design, while applying purposive sampling technique. The study was carried out in 10 selected communities from 5 Local Government Areas in the State with a population of 608, 296, applying primary source of data collation and a sample size of 400 respondents. The descriptive statistical analytical methods involving frequency tables and percentage were employed for data analysis while the hypotheses that guided the study were tested using Chi-square. The study adopted the participatory theory as its theoretical framework of analysis. The findings show that women contribute to socio-economic development in Ebonyi state through farming activities, trading, weaving, and agro processing among others. It finds equally that the rural women were faced with both cultural and social challenges, while their efforts in contributing to socio-economic development were not were not recognised by the government. The paper recommends among other things that women’s contribution should be recognised by the government and as well assist them through soft loans, while such obnoxious culture and beliefs that exclude them from active participation should be addressed through legislative and administrative actions to eliminate these barriers. .

 

Key words: Women, Rural Communities, Socio-Economic Development, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

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