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Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science Vol. 12(2), pp. 19-23 October, 2022
Available online at http://
ISSN 2276-7118 © 2022 Scholarly-Journals

Haematological Indices and Biochemical Changes of Rams Fed Graded Levels of Fore-Stomach Digesta and Rice Milling Waste Ensiled with Urea

Kwaido, A.A.*1 and Maigandi, S.A.2

1*Department of Animal Science, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero, P.M.B 1144 Aliero, Kebbi State, Nigeria.
2Department of Animal, Faculty of Agriculture, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria .

Received: 22 February: 2022, Accepted: 18 July, 2022, Published: 29 July, 2022:

Fore-Stomach Digesta (FSD) from camel, cattle, sheep and goats was collected at Sokoto abattoir. At least 5-10 animals that were brought to the abattoir for slaughter from each species were selected for the collection. After slaughter and evisceration, fresh FSD was collected from each animal. Samples were thoroughly mixed and representative samples were collected. The representative samples collected were immediately transferred to an air-tight container and transported to the experimental site where it was dried. Urea and Rice Milling Waste (RMW) were purchased from Sokoto central market and Kalambaina rice processing centre in Sokoto respectively. The procedure of Roy and Rangnekar was followed in which 1kg urea was dissolved in 15 litres of water and sprinkled on 25kg FSD. The samples were ensiled for 21days.The dried FSD mixture was ensiled with urea and RMW in larger quantity, in a tank container of about 300 litres capacity. The experimental diets were formulated using 50% FSD plus 50% RMW ensiled with urea. Randomised Complete Block Design (RCBD) was used in this experiment as outlined by Steel and Torrie (1980). Five animals were allocated as replications to three experimental diets as treatments in this trial. Prior to allocation to treatment diets the animals were balanced for weight so that each group/treatment will have the same weight. Blood samples were collected from each animal at the last week of the feeding trial. The blood sample was collected from the Jugular vein with a sterilized 19-gauge needle and syringe. Bleeding was done early morning before feeding. There were no significant differences in terms of final packed Cell volume, Haemoglobin concentration, Red blood cell, white blood cell, Neutrophils, Eosinophils, Lymphocytes, monocytes counts, final blood glucose, urea concentration, total protein, Albumin, Globulin and total bilirubin. RBC and WBC concentration were within RBC 8-15 x 1012/L and WBC 4-12 x 109/L for sheep. Conclusively the results show that FSD ensiled with urea and RMW could be used in the diets fattening rams without any health hazard.


Key words: Haemoglobin concentration; Stomach; Digesta; camel; cattle; sheep.

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