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Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science Vol. 10(1) pp.1-7 June, 2020
Available online at http://
ISSN 2276-7118 © 2020 Scholarly-Journals

The role of agricultural extension on watermelon (Citrullus Lanatus) production in Sokoto State, Nigeria

Salihu, A.A.*1, Bello, Z.A.2, Saadu, U.3 & Yahaya, K.3

1Department of Agricultural Technology, Umaru Ali Shinkafi Polytechnic, Sokoto State, Nigeria 2Department of Agricultural Extension and rural development, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
3Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Kebbi state university of science and technology, Aleiro, Nigeria.

Abstract :


The study was to evaluate the impact of agricultural extension and rural farmers on watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) production in Sokoto State. With the aim of examining the level of involvement of participants in the design and implementation of watermelon farming in their community and to identify the problems militating against watermelon farming in the study area. The results of the findings revealed that majority of the sampled farmers were male (85%) and were within the age range of 21-40 years with most (57.5%) of them married and farming (72.5%) was their major occupation. The result also revealed that most of the sampled participants have above 20 years farming experience with farm size of 1-6 hectares with at least primary school qualification. The results of the findings further revealed that out of the 60.0% of the participants involved in the design and implementation of the project, 50.0% were strongly involved while the remaining 10.0% were partially involved in the design and implementation of the watermelon farming. The study further revealed the mean difference of watermelon farming participant output before and after participation in the project to be 24.55 and the difference in the output was significant at 1% level of probability (0.000) suggesting a positive impact on the participants. The study however, revealed that the problems militating against effective implementation of watermelon farming project in the study area were inadequate capital, high cost of inputs, bad road, high cost of hiring machines, low level of extension visits and poor storage facilities. The study therefore recommends that the Government should look for assistance of watermelon farmers means, such as loans should be provided to the farmers and here should be expansion of rural infrastructures such as; roads and market.


Key words: Agriculture, Extension, Watermelon, Farmers, Production, Sokoto.

[Full Article - PDF]

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