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Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science Vol. 10(3) pp.68-74 August, 2020
Available online at http://
www.scholarly-journals.com/SJAS
ISSN 2276-7118 © 2020 Scholarly-Journals



Edible Wildfruits; an alternative source of Livelihood in the Rural Context

Zubairu Yakubu Gada

Department of Forestry and Environment Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto. Email: zubairu.yakubu@udusok.edu.ng.


Received: 13 July, 2020, Accepted: 17 August, 2020, Published: 31 August, 2020:

 

Given the traumatic impact of banditry coupled with Covid-19 pandemic, diversification of sources of livelihood is not only essential but necessity, especially in the rural context. However, this paper assesses the contribution of edible wild fruits (EWFs) to rural livelihoods in Sokoto, North-western Nigeria. Data for this research were collected through a survey, focus group discussion and a structured questionnaire administered to 200 randomly selected respondents. Simple random and multistage sampling techniques were adopted in selecting respondents and sample areas respectively. Financial capital was chosen as a proxy of livelihood, while the overall data collected was analysed using descriptive statistics. The results show that, most of the respondents were dependant on multiple sources of income (mainly untaxed income) for their livelihoods, which made their actual income level relatively difficult to quantify. A total of 19 wild fruit trees belonging to 11 genera were identified. The overall species density of wild fruit trees in the study area averaged at >1.0 to 3.0 stems/ha. However, the average annual income from the sales of wild fruits ranges from $400 to $4,500, which shows that marketing of edible wild fruits is profitable. However, the inventory data revealed that the current standing stock is not adequate enough to satisfy the market demand of EWFs in the State. Similarly, losses were often incurred by both the wild fruit vendors and gatherers due to spoilage resulting from poor transportation, preservation and lack of storage facilities. However, sequel to the revenue generated from the commercialization of edible wild fruits, marketing and conservation of wild fruit trees in the study area should be prioritized.

 

Key words: Livelihoods, Edible Wild Fruits (EWFs), Commercialization, Marketing.

[Full Article - PDF]

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