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Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science Vol. 8(1), pp. 7-10 March, 2018
Available online at http
:// www.scholarly-journals.com/SJAS
ISSN 2276-7118 © 2018 Scholarly-Journals



Effect of phosphorus and sulphur on oil content of Sesame (sesemum indicum L.) Varieties in Sudan Savanna Region of Nigeria

Jahun, H.A.1, Sani, M.S.2, Maigatari, A.A.2, Aujara, Y.I.3, Siraja, A.1 and Lawan, M.
1

1Department of Agricultural Technology Binyaminu Usman Polytechnic Hadejia Jigawa State
2Department of Horticulture Soil Science, Binyaminu Usman Polytechnic Hadejia Jigawa State
3Forestry Department, Binyaminu Usman Polytechnic Hadejia Jigawa State f Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture Bayero University Kano.


Abstract:

Information on phosphorus sulphur fertilizer requirements of some new sesame varieties in Semi-Arid ecological regions is deficient therefore the need to evaluate the effects of P and S has become necessary. Two sets of experiments were therefore, carried out to evaluate the effect of phosphorus and sulphur on the oil content of sesame (Sesame indicum L.). The experiment was conducted during 2009 raining season at teaching and research farm, faculty of Agriculture Bayaro University Kano (11058 and 8025-1E) and Jahun, Jahun Local Government of Jigawa State (12031N and 90351 E). The soils of two locations were sandy loam, with 800mm and 400mm of rainfall at Kano and Jahun site respectively. The treatment included three sesame varieties (E8, Sudan and Yandev 55), four levels of P205 (0,20, 40 and 60kg ha-1and four levels of sulphur (0, 15, 30, and 45kg s ha-1 )A randomized complete block design was used and replicated three times. Result revealed that sesame variety and phosphorus fertilizer had significant effect on oil content (48.8%) at Kano. Sulphur had significant effect on oil content at Jahun where 30 kg S ha-1produced 49.66% oil. Sudan variety had the highest oil content and E8 had the lowest oil content. There was interaction effect between variety, phosphorus and sulphur on oil content at Jahun. Therefore, sesame need fertilizer for good production of oil and more investigation should be carried out for confirmation.

 

Key words: Sesame, Oil content, Savanna Region, Sulphur and Phosphorus..

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