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Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science Vol. 4(5), pp. 265-272 May, 2014
Available online at http
ISSN 2276-7118 © 2014 Scholarly-Journals

Effects of improved maize (Zea mays L.) varieties on household food security in the North West Region of Cameroon

Manu I.N.1, Tarla D.N.2, Chefor G.F.1

1Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology University of Dschang
2Department of Plant Protection, FASA, University of Dschang .



This study was carried out from April to September 2013 in the North West Region of Cameroon on the effect of adoption of improved maize varieties (IMVs) on household food security. One hundred and forty farmers were administered semi-structured questionnaires and data was analysed using SPSS. The t-test was used to analyze the 4 pillars of food security as concerns produced maize in adopter and non-adopter households. Socio-economic analysis showed that majority of the sample size were female (50.70%) aged below 50 with an average of 9 members per household. Majority of the respondents were Christians 82.60% had formal education with access to extension services (72.70%). Most farmers depended on household generated income which came mostly from farm activities. Most of the farm sizes were below 2 ha indicating low scale production and low capacity to obtain loans. In the study area, maize was allocated over 60.00% of the farm lands. Three IMVs were identified; Coca white, Kasai and ATP with the latter being the most widely cultivated. The analysis showed that there was a significant difference at the level of yields and quantity sold. This study shows that adopting improved maize varieties increased crop yields, food security and farmers income.


Key words: Improved maize varieties, rate of adoption, food security, North West.

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