Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science Vol. 3(8), pp. 294-298 July, 2013
Available online at http:// www.scholarly-journals.com/SJAS
ISSN 2276-7118 © 2013 Scholarly-Journals
Organic farming: As a climate change adaptation and mitigation strategy
A. Sartaj Wani1*, Subhash Chand2, G. R. Najar2 and M. A. Teli2
1Department of Soil Science, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology-Shalimar, Srinagar, Kashmir 1900031, India.
2Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology-Shalimar, Srinagar, Wadura Campus, Sopore-193201, J and K, India.
Organic farming, as an adaptation strategy to climate change and variability, is a concrete and sustainable option and has additional potential as a mitigation strategy. The careful management of nutrients and carbon sequestration in soils are significant contributors in adaptation and mitigation to climate change and variability in several climate zones and under a wide range of specific local conditions. Organic farming, as a systematic approach for sustained biological diversity and climate change adaptation through production management, minimizing energy randomization of non-renewable resources; and carbon sequestration is a viable alternative. The purpose of potential organic farming is therefore, to attempt a gradual reversal of the effects of climate change for building resilience and overall sustainability by addressing the key issues. Research is needed on yields and institutional environment for organic farming, as a mitigation and sequestration potential.
Key words: Adaptation, climate change, mitigation, organic farming, sustainable.